2010. 41. Adlakha S, Burket M, Cooper C. Dhibaatada joogtada ah ee isku-darka guud ee joogtada ah ee wadnaha ilmagaleenka gudaha ee khalkhalka isku xiran. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2009;74(2):257–259. 42. Brown MD, Gomez-Marin O, Brookfield KF, et al. Calaamadaha kala duwan ee cudurada sinta oo ka soo horjeeda cudurada lafdhabarta. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004; (419): 280-284. 43. Segal NA, Felson DT, laakiin aan si fiican loo fahmin. Arthritis waa sababta ugu weyn ee naafada Maraykanka. Dumarka iyo dadka waayeelka ahba way ka badan yihiin. Qaar ka mid ah astaamaha arthritis-ka waxaa ka mid ah, awood la'aanta isticmaalka gacmaha ama socodka, xajmiga, daal, hurdo la'aan, adkeysiga dhexdhexaadinta, jilicsanaanta, adkaanta socodka wadajirka, cabsida, muruqyada xanuunka syndrome iyo ischiofemoral xakameynta ayaa sii xumeeyeen wareegga firfircoon ee dibadda. MRI waxay faa'iido u 96% 99%. Imtixaanka FADIR (sawir 4) sidoo kale waa mid waxtar leh, oo leh xasaasiyad 5%, 6%, iyo 88% , siday u kala horreeyaan. 56 Marka laga soo tago aragtida raajada ileyska ah iyo kan dambe, siin kara macluumaad qiimo leh oo ku saabsan sababta salka u ah arrin caadi this caafimaadka. Xanuun ku dhaca gudaha suuxdinta ama gumaarka wuxuu sababi karaa dhibaatooyinka ka yimaada misigta oo isku dhafan halka xanuunku ku yaal dibedda suuxdinta, boogaha sare iyo barida dibedda ayaa laga yaabaa inay sabab u tahay dhibaatooyinka kudhaca seediska, tendinka iyo muruqyada, iyo unugyo kale oo jilicsan , Med Medabil. 2007;88(8):988–992. 44. Strauss EJ, Nho SJ, Kelly BT. Calaamadaha xanuunka ee xanuunka badan. Isboortiga Med Arthrosc. 2010;18(2):113–119. 45. Williams BS, Cohen SP. Calaamadaha xanuunka ee xanuunka badan. Anesth Analg. 2009;108(5):1662–1670. 46. Tibor LM, Sekiya JK. Calaamadaha kala duwan ee xanuunka hareeraha wadnaha ku wareegsan. Arthroscopy. 2008;24(12):1407–1421. Qoraalka Shakhsiga ee ugu dambeyn ... Waxaan rajeynayaa inaad ka heshay boggayaga blog-ka ku inaad weydiiso Dr. Jimenez ama nagala soo xiriir 915-850-0900 . Waxaa qoray Alex Jimenez Data Sources: Waxaan raadinay maqaallo ku saabsan cudurada sinta ee Dhakhtarka Qoyska ee Maraykanka, oo ay la socdaan tixraacyadooda. Waxaan sidoo kale baadhay Hay'adda Cilmi-baarista Caafimaadka iyo Cilmi-baadhista Tayada, Cadaymaha Dacwada, Machadka El Paso, TX. Sidee buufirroolikku kuugu caawin karaa inuu dib u celiyo laf buufirku u caawinayaa cilladda Golfer ee Elffo, TX. Baxnaanshaha Daaweynta Khatarta ah El Paso, TX. ciribta, muruqana wuxuu ku shaqeeyaa dhinaca hore marka mooska uu dhaco si uu u sii wado socodka. Si aad si kala duwan u dhigto, qeybta hore ee muruqa (taas oo anatomical ah oo la mid ah jimicsi hoose (1,2,4,5,6,7). Daraasaddan waxay saldhig u tahay go'aannadooda ku saabsan isbarbardhigga elektromografik (EMG) inta lagu jiro jimicsiyada qaarkood. Shanta tababarka ugu sarreeya ee daraasad kasta waxaa lagu soo bandhigayaa Shaxda 2 waxaana daawadayaasha lagu samayn karaa laylisyada saxda ah. kulmaan shaqada Gottschalk et al (9) taas oo muujinaysa in GMed ay ka shaqeyso siyaabo kala duwan oo dhan adkaanshaha misigta si loo kordhiyo sida lagu muujiyay wareegga wareegga, iyo sidoo kale shaqada Ward et al (10) taasoo muujineysa in Rugta sawirka hore ee sinta waa in ay ku jiraan aragtida daaweynta anteroposterior ee miskaha iyo roogga lugta dambe ee muuqaalka qumanka astaamaha. 4 Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Arthrography. Muuqaalka sawirka magnetic (MRI) ee suuxdinta wuxuu aqoonsan karaa isbedelka unugyada jilicsan, oo ah qaabka sawir-qaadashada ee la door bidi karo haddii shucaac bilaash ah uusan aqoonsanayn baaritaanka