in biofuels and wind power. As of 31 December 2018, BP had operations in nearly 80 countries the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC).[40] In 1947, British Petroleum Chemicals was incorporated as a joint from the spill developed deformities of the heart and other organs. BP responded that the concentrations of oil in the study were a level rarely seen in the Gulf, but The New York Times reported that the BP statement was contradicted by the study.[430] Research discussed at a 2013 conference included preliminary results of an ongoing study being done by the National Institute dual challenge. At BP, we see possibilities everywhere deal with Timis Corporation. The deal by BP is expected to provide substantial royalties to Frank Timiș despite accusations of initially obtaining the exploration rights through corruption. Kosmos Energy was also ago".[316] BP scored a 100 percent on the 2018 Human Rights Campaign's powered by a cable from the Central Azeri Platform, it was also shut down.[393] Production at the West Azeri Platform resumed on 9 October 2008 and at the Central Azeri Platform in December 2008.[394][395] According to leaked US Embassy cables, BP Ltd — also continues with the original shareholding intact.[61][62] The intensified power struggle between oil companies and host governments in Middle East, along with the oil price shocks that followed the 1973 oil crisis meant British Petroleum lost most of its direct access to crude oil supplies produced in countries that belonged to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and prompted it to diversify its operations beyond the "The only thing you can conclude is that BP has a serious, systemic safety problem in their company."[349] A report in ProPublica, published in the Washington Post in 2010, found that over a decade of internal investigations of BP's Alaska operations during the 2000s warned senior BP managers that the company repeatedly disregarded safety ”paid what it considered a fair market value for the interests at this stage using your address and zip code. The world is looking for us to continue providing energy to fuel economic Farm onshore oilfield in Dorset and a package of North Sea gas assets to Perenco,[115] natural-gas liquids business in Canada to Plains All American Pipeline LP,[116] natural gas assets in Kansas to Linn Energy,[117] Carson Refinery in Southern California and its ARCO retail network to Tesoro, Sunray and Hemphill Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC), was reduced to 23.75%; as the result of the changing geopolitics post Ottoman empire break-up, and the Red Line Agreement.[33] Relations were generally cordial between the pro-west Hashemite Monarchy of oil and 1.9 billion cubic feet per day (54 million cubic metres per day) of natural its focus on energy sources other than fossil fuels.[251] It established an alternative and low carbon energy business in 2005, with plans to invest $8 billion over a 10-year period into renewable energy sources including solar, wind, and biofuels, and held an interest in another in Hawaii.[194] In 2016, the company generated 4.389 TW·h of wind power.[195] BP operates 10 onshore wind energy sites in the U.S. with on 1 January 2019 as chairman of BP Plc board Fowler Ridge Wind Farm.[256][257][258] As of 2017[update], the company had total gross generating capacity of 2.3 GW of wind energy in the United States.[259] In 2016, the company generated 48 states, and Alaska. BP is a leading acreage holder and producer of oil and natural gas in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.[175] As of 2019[update] the company produces about 300,000 deal worth around $20 billion to supply CNOOC with liquefied natural gas.[136] In 2014, Statoil Fuel & Retail sold its aviation fuel business to BP. To ensure the approval of competition authorities, BP agreed to sell the former Statoil aviation fuel businesses in Copenhagen, Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö airports to World Fuel Services in 2015.[137] In 2016, BP sold its Decatur, Alabama, plant to Indorama Ventures, of Thailand.[138] as Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan, Baku–Supsa and South Caucasus pipelines.[216] BP's refining operations in continental Europe include Europe's second-largest oil refinery, located in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, which can process up to 377,000 barrels (59,900 m3) of crude oil per day.[217] Other facilities are located in Ingolstadt, Gelsenkirchen and Lingen, in the Alaska North Slope, paying fines and penalties totaling $22 million. BP paid the its 57% stake in BP Canada (upstream operations), which was renamed as and gas company by hydrocarbon reserves and production.[11] BP has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of

a "toxic spill" from a BP pipeline in Prudhoe Bay

ARCO, a Los Angeles-based oil group.[85] In 2003, California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD) filed a complaint against BP/ARCO, seeking $319 million in penalties for thousands of air pollution violations over an 8-year period.[326] In January 2005, the agency filed a second suit against BP based on violations between August 2002 and October 2004. The suit West Shelf, which produces LNG, pipeline gas, condensate and oil.[210] The NWS venture is Australia's largest resource development and accounts for around one third of Australia's oil and gas production.[211][212] BP operates the two largest oil and gas production projects in the Azerbaijan's sector of the Caspian Sea, the Azeri–Chirag–Guneshli offshore oil problems were not addressed by the management. Maintenance and BP that operations in the United States, BP's primary country of operations, would suffer. In October 1988, the British Department of Trade and Industry required the KIO to reduce its shares to 9.6% within 12 months.[71] Peter Walters was the company chairman Energy in Pike,[227] and a partnership with Value Creation Inc. in the development of the Terre de Grace oil sands lease. The BP's investment in the Sunrise Project is £1.6 billion and it is expected to start production in 2014.[228] In May 2017, it was reported that BP is considering to sell-off its oil sands assets.[229] BP is the largest oil and gas producer in Trinidad and On 1 September 2003, BP and a group of Russian billionaires, known as AAR (Alfa-Access-Renova), announced the creation of a strategic partnership to jointly hold their oil assets in Russia and Ukraine. As a result, TNK-ВР was created.[93] In 2004, BP's olefins and derivatives business was moved into a separate entity Three months later, 'Thunder Horse PDQ', BP's giant new production platform in the Gulf of Mexico, nearly sank during a hurricane. In their rush to finish the $1 billion platform, workers had installed a valve backwards, allowing the ballast tanks to flood. Inspections revealed other shoddy work. Repairs costing hundreds of millions would keep Thunder Horse the environment.[339] NASA scientist James Hansen said that the exploitation of Canadian tar sands would mean "game over for the climate".[340][341] In 2010, activist shareholders asked BP for a full investigation of the project, but were defeated.[342] the company has a joint investment of US$9 billion with RWE to develop two offshore gas fields.[198][199] BP is active in offshore oil development in Angola, where it holds an interest in a total of nine oil exploration and production blocks covering more than 30,000 square kilometres (12,000 sq mi). This includes four blocks it acquired in December 2011 and an additional (Lightsource BP). Differently from BP Solar, Lightsource BP focuses on the managing and maintaining solar farms instead of manufacturing solar panels.[142] As of 2017[update], Lightsource has commissioned 1.3 GW of solar capacity and manages about 2 GW of solar capacity. It plans to increase